An electric vehicle is a vehicle which has a battery and an electric motor. The battery is charged up by connecting to a charging facility. Commonly they are referred to as "EVs", also "BEVs" (Battery Electric Vehicles).
A plug-in vehicle is a broader term. It could mean a completely electric car with battery and electric motor, or it could mean a plug-in hybrid. A plug-in hybrid is a vehicle which has both a battery with an electric motor and a petrol tank with internal combustion engine. Either way, the vehicle can be plugged in to charge its battery.
An Ultra Low-Emission Vehicle "ULEV" is defined in the UK by the Government as cars or vans with tailpipe CO2 emissions of 75 g/km or less. Comparatively to conventional vehicles, they emit extremely low levels of motor vehicle emissions.
Yes! The Energy Savings Trust has a short introductory video on the main types of electric vehicles, it's a good summary.
Most electric cars can be charged at home from any standard British 13amp socket, using a cable which most electric cars come with. It's as easy as charging your phone. Faster sockets, commonly "Type 2' outlets, can be installed at home or work; often for free or cheaply with support from Government Grants.
Away from home, public chargers are available up and down the country, and there are currently over 11,000 available. There are a few different companies that provide the charging facilities and customers need to register with a charging provider in order to use them.
The charging networks operating in Brighton currently are:
Much less than Petrol or Diesel! At home, it's your standard electricity rate, which is probably in the region of around 14p per kW (the UK average is 14.37p). So, a car with a 20kWh battery will cost less than £3 to fully charge. This cost can be almost halved for people with an economy 7 meter, charging at night on cheaper rates. Out and about, public charging facilities have costs which vary between networks and charger type - they can range from completely free to around £6 for half an hour on the fastest "Rapid" chargers.
However an electric car is being charged, without much effort it's possible to achieve around 5p per mile. With a bit more consideration around how and where you charge, it can be under 2p per mile. What's more, if you have your own solar panels at home, you can charge from the sun - for nothing.
The short answer is anywhere between 15 minutes and 7 hours. Although it's a seemingly simple question, it is never as simple to answer because there are many factors which affect how long it takes to charge. Primarily, the size of the car's battery and the type of charging facility are the two main things that affect the time it takes to charge. Generally speaking, the higher power the charging facility, the less time it will take to charge the car. One easy way to find out is to use an EV charge time calculator to help understand real world charge times.
In addition to reduced fuel costs, as low as 2p per mile, there are a number of ways to receive financial support in the switch to electric and low-emission vehicles:
Support from the Government:
Support from Brighton & Hove Council:
There are charge points available across the country, but planning your journey is sensible. Luckily there are some helpful tools to do this with.
You might hear this term being mentioned. As an electric vehicle owner, when someone driving a non-electric vehicle parks in charging bays it can be extremely frustrating. It's a bit like someone parking in the entrance to a petrol station. EV owners refer to these cars as ICE cars (Internal Combustion Engine cars), hence when one is parked in an EV bay, it's called being ICE'd.
No. But there will be!
Tesla originally announced in September 2017 that Brighton would be a future supercharging location, stating that a supercharger was scheduled to be opened before the end of 2018. At the end of the year they updated their target opening time to 2019. Then, at the end of the year they didn't quite update their website in time, but - the target opening was pushed back to 2020.
Third time lucky?
For more information, check out Tesla's page on Brighton, on their map of Supercharging locations.
For those with their own driveways, charging at home overnight is an ideal solution, their cars are charged overnight and ready to go at the start of each day. But what about the significant number of people who are unable to charge at home?
We take a look at some of the solutions developing for those people without off-street parking.